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Resources

  • Grants, rights of use and of distribution

    You will find here the own resources provided by Ménestrel for this mapping project. All of them are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 France License.

    The base maps with elements of relief have been found on the CGIAR’s website. The other were produced basing on data of the Diva-Gis’s website.

    7 October 2013 | 28 December 2012
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  • Bishoprics and archbishoprics (Europe)

    Bishoprics and archbishoprics

    As a first example of what this section aims at offering, you will find here the list of European medieval (arch)bishoprics with their geographical coordinates, the date of their creation and (if appropriate) their displacement or deletion. For the Italian area, this work owes much to Hugues Labarthe, who is especially the builder of the project "Towards an Atlas of Roman Christianity" on the site E-ecclesia.eu.

    About various dates of the Middle Ages, the available files are:

    - Shapefiles (SHP), which can be imported directly into a GIS processing software;
    - As examples of a result, JPG files and PDF files (this second type of file is heavier than the first one, but it may be easily modified without using GIS processing software).
    Since Italian bishoprics are very numerous, we propose specific maps for this peninsula.

    Year 500 800 1100 1400
    shapefile (bishoprics) 500 800 1100 1400
    shapefile (archbishoprics) 500 800 1100 1400
    image (Europe, JPG) 500 800 1100 1400
    image (Europe, PDF) 500 800 1100 1400
    image (Italy, JPG) 500 800 1100 1400
    image (Italy, PDF) 500 800 1100 1400

    About other dates, a user can use the data source as an Excel spreadsheet covering the entire period of the Middle Ages: with this file, he may easily make another selection and thus produce GIS data corresponding to his date of interest. To create a map with these customized data, see the brief instructions on GIS software.

    As for now, only the (arch)bishoprics located within the territory of modern Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom are referenced. Similarly, the landscape elements which are represented (coasts, rivers, topography) are those of today. For more information about the data, see the corresponding metadata (in french). Many developments are still possible to improve this section...

    Thomas LIENHARD, Willy MORICE, 21 April 2016 | 23 October 2012
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  • Bishoprics (Africa)

    You will find here a historical mapping of African bishops in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. As for Europe, we offer both historical data (dates for which those bishoprics are attested) and spatial information. For these two types of data, the results which are proposed are less precise than for Europe and very incomplete, firstly because it is a work in progress and secondly because given the available sources, we can never claim to accuracy, nor seek to map all African bishoprics attested before the sixteenth century. The full list of these is available in this database. At present, only 10% of these items were treated in this section. But we are still working...

    Map of the African bishoprics

    shapefile jpg (with colours corresponding to the bishopric’s latest quote)
    Thomas LIENHARD, 29 April 2016 | 21 April 2016
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  • Collegiate churches

    You will find here mapping data about secular collegiate churches which were founded between 600 and 1500 AD. The selected area is the dioceses of France during the Ancien Régime. These data come from the “Collégiales” project of the Lamop, whose authors generously provided us with the data; their website will provide more information, in particular about each entity mapped here.

    Since the density of collegiate churches can be very high, it is difficult to include the name of each of them on a map at the European level. We therefore chose not to display this information. But the shapefiles that are proposed below contain this information, so that every user can choose his own display options. Similarly, by looking the source data, he can easily select other dates than those we used here, and produce GIS data corresponding to his own period of interest. For all these operations, see the brief instructions on GIS software.

    Year 1000 1150 1300 1550
    shapefile SHP1000 SHP1150 SHP1300 SHP1550
    image (JPG) JPG1000 JPG1150 JPG1300 JPG1550
    image (PDF) PDF1000 PDF1150 PDF1300 PDF1550
    Thomas LIENHARD, 21 April 2016 | 22 May 2013
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  • Fortifications of Eastern France

    You will find here mapping data about fortifications which were built between 500 and 1600 AD in Eastern France and studied by the Pôle Archéologique Universitaire of the université de Lorraine. These data were generously provided by the managers of the website Image – Itinéraire Médiéval des sites Archéologiques du Grand Est médiéval, where you will find more data and information on this project.

    Castles

    shapefile jpg

    Fortified Houses

    shapefile jpg
    Thomas LIENHARD, 21 April 2016 | 8 April 2016
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  • Antique sites

    You will find here mapping data about antique sites: aqueducts, baths, bridges, cities, forts, temples, theatres and vici. Those data are furnished by the website vici.org, where you will find more data and information on this project. They have been completed by Armin Volkmann and Thomas Lienhard. As they are very numerous, it is impossible to present all of them clearly on an overview map of the Mediterranean world. We therefore chose to focus only on the Gallic space in the jpg-maps below (except for the forts, for which the focus is further restricted on a part of the Rhine-Danube limes). But the shapefiles provided below contain all the data about Europe, Africa and Asia. All sites are from classical Antiquity, but no more precise date is given here: to get it about any site, consult the notice about the latter on vici.org.

    Aqueducts

    shapefile jpg

    Baths

    shapefile jpg

    Bridges

    shapefile jpg

    Cities

    shapefile jpg

    Forts

    shapefile jpg

    Temples

    shapefile jpg

    Theatres

    shapefile jpg

    Vici

    shapefile jpg
    Thomas LIENHARD, 21 April 2016 | 8 April 2016
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  • Territories

    Usually, it makes little sense to cartography medieval territories in GIS format: the extreme precision of GIS is not compatible with the elusive nature of our sources about borders or surfaces, and therefore it is better to cartography historical points (such as bishoprics ), excluding lines (such as dioceses). However, we have decided to offer a few such data for the convenience of the user, because it may be convenient to have a map of provinces or kingdoms that can be superimposed with the data proposed above in this page. However, anyone who wishes to use these maps of territories has to remember that the accuracy of these representations is not scientific, and it takes with a margin of error of about 20 km. For the eastern borders of the Frankish world, the inaccuracy is even stronger.

    Whereby data are provided as shapefiles, which are directly importable into a GIS software. For each dossier, we also propose a pdf and jpg file, as well as bibliographical references: these were a basis, but have been thoroughly revised in order to produce the result which is proposed here.

    title pdf file jpg file shapefile source
    Roman provinces of Gaul of the mid-5th C. PDF450 JPG450 SHP450 Paul Vidal de la Blache, Atlas général d’histoire et de géographie (1894), p. 18
    Frankish kingdoms at Clovis’ death (511) PDF511 JPG511 SHP511 Paul Vidal de la Blache, Ibid., p. 21
    Frankish kingdoms in 524 PDF524 JPG524 SHP524 Eugen Ewig, “Die fränkischen Teilungen und Teilreiche (511-613)”, in Id., Spätantikes und fränkisches Gallien, 1976, vol.1, p. 72-113
    Frankish kingdoms in 531 PDF531 JPG531 SHP531 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 534 PDF534 JPG534 SHP534 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 536 PDF536 JPG536 SHP536 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 555 PDF555 JPG555 SHP555 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 558 PDF558 JPG558 SHP558 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 561 PDF561 JPG561 SHP561 Auguste Longnon, Géographie de la Gaule au VIe siècle (1878), pl. 4
    Frankish kingdoms in 567 PDF567 JPG567 SHP567 Auguste Longnon, Ibid., pl. 5
    Frankish kingdoms in 577 PDF577 JPG577 SHP577 Eugen Ewig (see above)
    Frankish kingdoms in 581 PDF581 JPG581 SHP581 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 584 [1] PDF584 JPG584 SHP584 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 587 PDF587 JPG587 SHP587 Auguste Longnon, Géographie de la Gaule au VIe siècle (1878), pl. 8
    Frankish kingdoms in 592 PDF592 JPG592 SHP592 Eugen Ewig (see above)
    Frankish kingdoms in 596 PDF596 JPG596 SHP596 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 600 PDF600 JPG600 SHP600 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 612 PDF612 JPG612 SHP612 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 613 PDF613 JPG613 SHP613 Eugen Ewig, Ibid.
    Frankish kingdoms in 628 PDF628 JPG628 SHP628 Paul Vidal de la Blache, Atlas général d’histoire et de géographie (1894), p. 21
    Frankish kingdoms after the division of Verdun (843) PDF843 JPG843 SHP843 Paul Vidal de la Blache, Ibid., p. 22
    Thomas LIENHARD, 21 April 2016 | 14 October 2013
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  • Notes et adresses des liens référencés

    [1Data about Gundoald are very incomplete.

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